Urachal actinomycosis presenting with recurrent urinary tract infections in a middle-aged woman: a rare case report
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CitationUrachal Actinomycosis Presenting with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in a Middle-aged Woman: A Rare Case Report. (2022). Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, 32(05), 668–670. https://doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2022.05.668
The urachal cyst, a remnant of allantois sac during embryogenesis, is a rare condition in adulthood. Urachus is an embryologic remnant degenerating after birth. Abberrant obliteration of the urachus causes urachal abnormalities. The urachal cysts are almost always symptomatic when infected. The symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, tenderness, lower abdominal mass, nausea, vomiting, and dysuria. Ultrasonography, computerised tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging techniques may be insufficient for diagnosis. In most cases, staphylococcus species are isolated from cultures of urachal cysts. Other microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecium, Klebsiella pneumonia, and rarely actinomyces may be isolated. Actinomyces, an anaerobic gram-positive filamentous bacterium, is a rare cause of granulomatous disease. In this case report, a 56-year woman with urachal cyst infection with actinomyces is discussed according to current knowledge.